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WhyMI so Sexy? WMI Attacks, Real-Time Defense, and Advanced Forensic Analysis - Matt Graeber Willi Ballenthin Claudiu Teodorescu Derbycon 2015 (Hacking Illustrated Series InfoSec Tutorial Videos)

WhyMI so Sexy? WMI Attacks, Real-Time Defense, and Advanced Forensic Analysis
Matt Graeber Willi Ballenthin Claudiu Teodorescu
Derbycon 2015

Windows Management Instrumentation (WMI) is a remote management framework that enables the collection of host information, execution of code, and provides an eventing system that can respond to operating system events in real time. FireEye has recently seen a surge in attacker use of WMI to carry out objectives such as system reconnaissance, remote code execution, persistence, lateral movement, covert data storage, and VM detection. Defenders and forensic analysts have largely remained unaware of the value of WMI due to its relative obscurity and completely undocumented file format. After extensive reverse engineering, our team has documented the WMI repository file format in detail, developed libraries to parse it, and formed a methodology for finding evil in the repository. In this talk, we will take a deep dive into the architecture of WMI, reveal a case study in attacker use of WMI in the wild, describe WMI attack mitigation strategies, show how to mine its repository for forensic artifacts, and demonstrate how to detect attacker activity in real-time by tapping into the WMI eventing system. By the end of this talk, we will have convinced the audience that WMI is a valuable asset not just for system administrators and attackers, but equally so for defenders and forensic analysts.

Matt Graeber is a reverse engineer in the FireEye Labs Advanced Reverse Engineering (FLARE) team with a varied background in reverse engineering, red teaming, and offensive tool development. Since joining FireEye, Matt has reversed a vast quantity of targeted and commodity malware samples and served as an instructor of Mandiant's Advanced Malware Analysis course. Matt is the author of various PowerShell modules used for pentesting and reverse engineering including PowerSploit and PowerShellArsenal. He has also been designated a Microsoft "Most Valuable Professional" in PowerShell. Willi Ballenthin is a reverse engineer in the FLARE team who specializes in incident response and computer forensics. He can typically be found investigating intrusions at Fortune 500 companies and enjoys reverse engineering malware, developing forensic techniques, and exploring the cutting edge. Willi is the author of a number of cross-platform Python libraries including python-registry, python-evtx, and INDXParse.py. Claudiu Teodorescu is a reverse engineer in the FLARE team. Prior to joining FireEye, Claudiu worked for Guidance Software, writing forensic parsers for different file formats to support the EnCase forensic tool. Also, as the Cryptographic Officer of the company, he supported EnCase integration with different disk/volume/file based encryption products including Bitlocker, McAfee EEPC, Checkpoint FDE, Symantec EEPC, etc.


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